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Hizb ut-Tahrir is a political party whose ideology is Islam. Its objective is to resume the Islamic way of life by establishing an Islamic State that executes the systems of Islam and carries its call to the world. Hizb ut-Tahrir has prepared a party culture that includes a host of Islamic rules about life’s matters.
The party calls for Islam in its quality as an intellectual leadership from which emanate the systems that deals with all man’s problems, political, economic, cultural and social among others. Hizb ut-Tahrir is a political party that admits to its membership men and women and calls all people to Islam and to adopt its concepts and systems. It views people according to the viewpoint of Islam no matter how diverse their nationalities and their schools of thought were. Hizb ut-Tahrir adopts the interaction with the Ummah in order to reach its objective, and it struggles against colonialism in all its forms and attributes in order to liberate the Ummah from its intellectual leadership and to deracinate its cultural, political, military and economic roots from the soil of the Islamic lands. Hizb ut-Tahrir endeavours to change the erroneous thoughts which colonialism has propagated such as confining Islam to rituals and morals.
Hence, Hizb ut-Tahrir was founded in 1952 in Al-Quds in order to resume the Islamic way of life and carry the Islamic call to the world. As for the resumption of the Islamic way of life, the reality of all the Islamic lands is currently of Dar al-Kufr (land of disbelief) for Islam is no longer implemented over them; thus Hizb ut-Tahrir adopted the transformation of this land into Dar al-Islam (land of Islam). With regards to deeming the land as being Islamic, it does not depend on whether its inhabitants are Muslims or not, but rather on what is implemented in terms of rules and whether the security of the land is in the hands of the Muslims, not the Kuffar.
These two conditions determine whether the land is Dar al-Islam even if most of its inhabitants were non-Muslims. The fact that the current existing states in the Islamic world are states of Kufr is evident and does not require explanation for all of their constitutions do not consider the sins as crimes that entail punishment and they adopt the systems and rules of the capitalist democratic system which they effectively implement in economy, education and all aspects of life. These constitutions deem sovereignty to belong to the people and not to Allah (swt), they recognise the international treaties that totally contradict Islam and they do not carry Islam as an intellectual leadership to the world.
In regards to Hizb ut-Tahrir being a political party, this is because politics in Islam is looking after the affairs of the Ummah domestically and externally and Allah (swt) has commanded the governing of the Ummah’s affairs by Islam and nothing else. This command is discharged by looking after the Ummah’s domestic and foreign interests and by conducting them exclusively according to Islam; this is performed by the State and by the Ummah who accounts the State. In order for this to be achieved practically, Hizb ut-Tahrir must be a political party that undertakes within the Ummah this task and works towards seizing the reins of power through her; thus Hizb ut-Tahrir is not a spiritual bloc, nor is it a moralistic or a scientific bloc, but rather a political bloc that works towards the management of the Ummah’s affairs as a whole according to Islam.
The rise of Hizb ut-Tahrir was in response to Allah (swt)’s saying: T.M.Q. “And let there arise from amongst you a band that calls to the good and commands what is right and forbids what is evil and those are the ones who will attain felicity” in order to revive the Islamic Ummah after the severe decline into which she had sunk, liberate her from the thoughts, systems and rules of Kufr, its systems and from the hegemony and influence of the Kufr states, and in order to work towards establishing the Islamic Khilafah State so that the rules by what Allah (swt) has revealed return to the realm of life.
In order for the bloc to be founded on a sound basis that achieves the objective, it is imperative to fulfil four matters:
1. It must be built upon a clear and defined idea, not upon a vague and ambiguous idea.
2. The method of executing the idea must be clear and crystallised.
3. The bloc must be built upon individuals who are mature in terms of awareness and have the sound will to establish the idea in the realm of life deeply embedded.
4. The bond that binds the members of this bloc must be the ideological bond. One is affiliated to the bloc once he embraces the Aqeedah and once he matures in the party culture.
As for Hizb ut-Tahrir, it has been founded upon the Islamic ideology in its idea and method. The party carries a clear and defined idea, that is the Islamic idea, in view of the fact that it is the only idea that achieves the sound revival because the Islamic Aqeedah is the only Aqeedah that convinces the mind and conforms with human nature, thus filling the heart with tranquillity and achieving happiness for man. In contrast, the capitalist Aqeedah is built upon the separation of religion from life and without doubt not built upon reason but rather upon compromise, contradicting human nature, thus filling the heart with anxiety and bringing nothing but misery to mankind.
Hizb ut-Tahrir has adopted the Islamic idea in an elaborate manner according to what it requires in order to establish Islam in the realm of life in view of the fact that the Islamic Aqeedah is political and spiritual, not just a spiritual Aqeedah; in other words, the Islamic Aqeedah has a relationship with life as well as a relationship with the Hereafter, for Allah (swt) has ordered the Muslims to refer to Islam and to implement it in all their affairs; thus it is an Aqeedah that has come into being so that people proceed according to it.
Hence, Hizb ut-Tahrir has adopted a host of Aqeedah thoughts in order to restore the sound perception of the Aqeedah to the Muslims and to restore its vitality and warmth in their hearts. It has also adopted a host of Shari'ah rules pertaining to the Islamic systems in ruling, economic and social matters inasmuch as they are Islamic rules and nothing else, and they contain not one single rule that is non Islamic or a rule influenced by reality. The party has rather adopted these rules according to the strength of the Shari'ah evidence so that they are as Allah (swt) revealed them, clear and pure.
Hizb ut-Tahrir is an ideological party that makes sovereignty exclusively to the ideology; it does not allow reality to be the source of the solution, but rather the object of the solution, i.e. it treats the corrupt reality with Islam. It does not alter nor distort the rules of Islam to suit reality because the ideologist nature necessitates steadfastness and adherence to the ideology, without the slightest deviation from it despite the temptations or the intimidation, for the Messenger of Allah (saw) rejected all the temptations and proposals of Quraysh and endured all the trials and tribulations without retracting from the work towards establishing the ideology as it is. He (saw) even said, despite the immense need for his uncle’s support: “O uncle, by Allah, if they were to put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left on condition that I relinquished this matter, until Allah has made it triumphant or I perish therein, I would not relinquish it.”
Hizb ut-Tahrir has also determined its method of progress in view of the fact that Islam is an idea and a method, i.e. a host of tangible rules that preserve the idea and bring it into existence. Its method of progress is in fact the method of the Messenger of Allah (saw), for it is a group of clear and defined Shari'ah rules. The party proceeds in the three periods which the Messenger of Allah (saw) proceeded in order to achieve his objective:
1. The period of study and culture in order to generate the party culture and incorporate the ideology in a groups of individuals, i.e. in order to form the bloc.
2. The period of interaction with the Ummah and the struggle for the sake of making her adopt the ideology of the party as her own, make it her raison d'être and work towards establishing it.
3. The period of attaining and seizing the reins of power through the Ummah in order to implement the ideology in a comprehensive manner because it is forbidden to seize partial power. Hence, the arrival at the ruling must be total and the implementation of Islam must be comprehensive.
Hizb ut-Tahrir has proceeded in the realm of life according to these periods; thus it completed the period of culture by achieving the objective of the period, which is the incorporation of the ideology into individuals, through culturing as the method. Hence, the party achieved its intellectual formation and it became incumbent upon it to achieve its political formation; thus it moved towards the Interaction Period via the Departure Point and it set about challenging the prevalent relationships with the aim of destroying them. At the same time, the party worked towards implanting the thoughts and the emotions of Islam in society and it fought a host of political battles in society in its quality as specific political party; thus it moved towards motivating the masses openly, courageously and repeatedly, which enabled it to address society in order to bring the Ummah out of her old situation and steer her towards gathering on the basis of a new format and according to the thoughts that the party had spread which generated an effect amongst people. Hizb ut-Tahrir also criticised the plan of political struggle that politicians and the Ummah had been pursuing at the time, and it had dealt a catalogue of severe blows to the non-Islamic thoughts and opinions that were prevalent in society, be it those that emanated from the champions of nationalism, communism and the like, or those that emanated from individuals and groups who allowed the Islamic call to be carried in parts and selectively, or from those who carried the political views of alignment to the West or the East or non-alignment or similar.
Hizb ut-Tahrir also challenged the projects of protectorates and colonial alliances, which Eisenhower imposed upon the Islamic world, by exposing them to the Ummah and incited her to account the ruler for accepting them; it also exposed the entente between the USA and the USSR in Vienna which confined the management of international issues to the two superpowers. The party explained the effects of such an entente on international politics and on the movements of the agents in the Islamic lands. Hizb ut-Tahrir has also monitored the policies and the political plans of the disbeliever states in the Islamic lands and it exposed many of the political conspiracies concocted against the region and its peoples such the project of internationalising Al-Quds that America and her agents endeavoured to implement in the early sixties. The party also exposed the conspiracy of surrendering Al-Quds and the West Bank one year before they fell into the hands of the enemy and it exposed the reality of the fedayeen organisations which the British had established in order to settle the issue of Palestine. Hizb ut-Tahrir also observed the plans and styles of the United States which were aimed at spreading her hegemony over the lands of the Muslims as well as the successive actions that led her to have total control over the oil in addition to other conspiracies against the Ummah and the region.
Hizb ut-Tahrir has been working as a political party throughout all these events, in touch with the world, aware of its conditions, perceptive of its problems, acquainted with the motives of its states and peoples, pursuing the political actions that occur in the world and monitoring the political plans of the various states with regard to the styles of execution, the nature of the relationships between them and the political manoeuvres which these states undertake. In addition to all of this, Hizb ut-Tahrir continued, throughout its progress, to work within the Ummah as a political party with a specific cause which it carries, defends and endeavours to make the Ummah embrace and to gather support for itself and its cause. Hence, the party has been a movement that struggles in order to establish the State to implement Islam in a radical and comprehensive manner. The party has had a major effect upon society and upon the political life of the Muslims and upon the various thoughts and emotions such as socialism, secularism, nationalism and priesthood. Consequently, Islam has gathered a public opinion in society that emanates from a general awareness. With regard to the political life of the Muslims, the idea of establishing Islam in the realm of life is gathering momentum among the Muslims and this idea has started to turn from a spiritual force within the Ummah into a material force, the current of Islam has started to stand up to the other belligerent forces, and Islam has become a Deen with the State as part of it to the Muslims. Moreover, the Islamic Aqeedah has become linked to thoughts about life and to the systems of legislation in the hearts of the Muslims. In other words, the Islamic Aqeedah has become a spiritual and a political Aqeedah in the hearts of the Muslims. Hence, the party is very serious and eager to complete this transformation so that the Islamic idea is effectively implemented in the realm of life.
Hizb ut-Tahrir has made the method of affiliation to its structure subject to the suitability of the individual himself to structure in the Party by embracing and perceiving the Islamic Aqeedah and maturing in the Party culture once the Da'awah interacts with him. This suitability is determined by four matters: The individual's understanding of the Islamic Aqeedah, his awareness of the Party culture, undertaking the Islamic commitments and adopting the opinions and constitution of the Party.
Hizb ut-Tahrir undertakes the following actions:
1. Culturing people about Islam in a concentrated manner in study circles with the culture of the Party.
2. Culturing people in a collective manner with all the possible means.
3. Adopting the real interests of the Ummah.
4. Exposing the plans and the conspiracies of the Kuffar.
In its method to establish the State, Hizb ut-Tahrir has adopted a host of Shari'ah rules such as it does not undertake any physical actions nor any violent acts, thus emulating the Messenger of Allah (saw) because the actual reality is the very reality of the Messenger of Allah (saw) in Makkah with regard to the absence of Islam’s implementation and the work towards establishing it.
Hizb ut-Tahrir is determined to work within the Ummah in order to implement Islam and achieve its objective by endeavouring to gain the leadership of the Islamic Ummah so that she would accept it as her leader to implement Islam upon her and she would proceed with it in her struggle against the Kuffar and in the work towards the return of the Islamic State as it was before, the leading superpower of the world.