The Splitting of Sudan

Bismillah al-Rahman al-Raheem

The Political Comment

The leaders of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) have recently made several statements on the future of Southern Sudan, indicating clearly that Southern Sudan is proceeding towards secession, which is exactly what America has been scheming for. This crime could not have been perpetrated had it not been for the treason of the Sudanese rulers, headed by Omar al-Bashir, and for their collaboration with America. His empty rhetoric of heroism is but a ploy to deceive the Ummah and absorb her anger in Sudan and abroad, and a botched attempt to absolve himself of the blame for adopting on 9 January 2005, together with his cronies, the Naivasha Agreement, which stipulated that the fate of a section of the Muslims’ lands should be put to an independence referendum.

The statements of the SPLM leaders propagating separation reflect the agreement they concluded with the leaders of the National Congress Party (NCP) over dismemberment of the south. This ebb and flow of rhetoric between the SPLM is part of the conspiracy against Southern Sudan which America deems and wants to turn into a state within the Great Lakes region.

The SPLM Secretary General Pagan Amum said in his latest statement of 20 June 2010 that he had been promised recognition of the nascent state of Southern Sudan by the Security Council member states. He also accused the National Congress party of failing to make “unity attractive to the southerners”. This statement came after Pagan Amum had visited New York together with a delegation of senior officials of Southern Sudan, where they attended the Security Council’s meeting on 14 June 2010 during which the peace in Darfur and the Southern Sudan referendum were debated. Pagan also said during a press conference he held at the SPLM’s premises in Khartoum on 10 August 2009: “The choice of unity or secession will be based on the real interests of the southerners.” He pointed that “the NCP was attempting to impose unachievable conditions to thwart the arrangements of the self-determination referendum on the future Southern Sudan”. He added that 90% of the southerners were in favour of secession. The SPLM for its part threatened in July 2009, during a Southern Sudanese parliamentary session, to declare independence from the north ahead of the referendum if the NCP continued to place obstacles before the referendum law to deny the southerners the right to self-determination.

As for America, the statements of her officials, in addition to her manoeuvres on the ground, confirm her industrious endeavour to separate the south whose size constitutes 28% of Sudan’s overall surface area. US Vice-President Joe Biden reiterated America’s support for the referendum to be “credible” and on time. During a meeting with Southern Sudanese leaders on 10 June 2010 in the Kenyan capital Nairobi, Joe Biden pledged continued U.S. assistance to the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) in recognition of the serious threats to security faced by the South. The Washington Times mentioned that Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, whom it described as the Head of South Sudan’s mission to the United States, told its editors towards the end of 2009 that Washington was intensifying her efforts to help the southerners gain independence from the north and pumping huge funds to achieve this. He elucidated that a good chunk of the nearly $1 billion in annual U.S. aid to Southern Sudan is going to build roads, train police and form an army capable of protecting the region. He added: “The United States government, one of their goals now, is to make sure southern Sudan in 2011 is a viable state.”

America has also exhorted Muammar al-Qaddafi, her chief collaborator and agent in Africa, to propagate and support the secession of Southern Sudan in the referendum of 9 January 2011. Al-Qaddafi announced in Tripoli during his meeting with the Head of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) in Darfur, Khalil Ibrahim, that the separation of Southern Sudan from the north could be a logical choice. He added that he approved the secession of Southern Sudan and that he would support it if it were the people’s choice. The First Vice President of Sudan and President of South Sudan government, Silva Kir, for his part revealed that al-Qaddafi had promised him to support Southern Sudan if it opted for independence. On 28 June 2009, Silva Kir told worshippers at the Saint Theresa’s Catholic cathedral in Juba, the capital of Southern Sudan, that during his visit to Tripoli in mid-June 2009, al-Qaddafi had requested a meeting at 03.00 am and confirmed to him Libya’s support if the southerners chose separation from the north. Silva Kir said: “Al-Qaddafi said the south should gain secession to either become an independent state or to merge with another state in East Africa.”

America aims to effectuate the crime of separating Southern Sudan through her local agents, such as the Arab League and the African Union, with a conspicuous Egyptian participation. Following a meeting in Cairo with the Egyptian president, Silva Kir held a press conference in which he accused the Sudanese government of making the unity unattractive for the southerners. He said it would be possible for Southern Sudan to separate from the north in a referendum on self-determination due to be held in early 2011, as unity was no longer “appealing”. The Sudanese Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Ali Kerti, exhorted the Arab League and the African Union to undertake an influential and effective role in calling for the continued unity between the north and the south of Sudan and to oversee a trouble-free referendum that would satisfy all parties, to decide the fate of Southern Sudan. Omar al-Bashir for his part dissipated the trepidations of the southerners and reassured America during the Naivasha Agreement’s fifth anniversary commemoration, saying that Khartoum would be the first capital to recognise the new state in Southern Sudan if the southerners opted for independence from Sudan in the coming referendum.

Despite the ebb and flow of rhetorical declarations between the NCP and the SPLM, matters are afoot in the secession plan; on 22 June 2010, only two days after Pagan’s statement, the ruling party in Sudan and the SPLM held talks in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on the post-referendum arrangements, under the auspices of the African Union. The NCP delegation was headed in those negotiations by its Deputy Chairman Nafi Ali Nafi, while the SPLM delegation was headed by its Secretary-General Pagan Amum. The talks between the two sides focused on the main outstanding issues that had to be settled ahead of the referendum, namely the oil revenues, citizenship, foreign debts, the status of the southerners in the north, drawing the borders between the north and the south and organising a referendum for the oil-rich Abyei region. This is what the US Special Envoy to the region, Scott Gration, corroborated by saying that the international community had left it late to prepare for the fallouts of the referendum on Southern Sudan’s independence scheduled for early next year. He told a Senate hearing that he was worried about a number of fundamental issues related to the referendum that remained unsettled. He specifically referred to the question of citizenship, border demarcation and how to apportion profits from Sudan's oil wealth. He nevertheless thought that the referendum would lead to Southern Sudan’s independence. Abyei remains the main outstanding issue between the NCP and the SPLM due to its huge oil reserves; because America did not want to leave anything to chance,  Scott Gration told reporters last year that the Sudanese government and the SPLA had signed an agreement in which they pledged to accept the ruling of The Hague arbitration tribunal on the disputed region of Abyei as being “final and binding”, even though the fate of the Abyei region was supposed to be decided by the 2011 referendum according to the Naivasha Agreement of 2005. Effectively, The Hague International Tribunal issued its ruling on the borders of the Abyei region on 22 July 2009 and both the NCP and the SPLM had to accept it.

The secession of Southern Sudan would lead to calamitous political and strategic consequences on Sudan and the region. This is reflected in two matters:

1. America’s aim from the secession of the south is to turn it into a permanent American base that will execute her strategy in the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes region, under the pretext of protecting the nascent state against the covetous designs of neighbouring states or armed movements, especially the Ugandan “Lord’s Resistance Army”. Southern Sudan represents almost the third of Sudan and borders five countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Congo and Central Africa. This strategic location of Southern Sudan allows America to be closer to the issues of the region, especially the Somali and the River Nile issues.

2. The secession of the south would be a prelude for the secession of other regions in Sudan, especially Darfur and East Sudan. The US Special Envoy Scott Gration told Reuters: "It is a win-win situation that we are trying to get." He noted that this would be hard if the Khartoum government was not prepared to negotiate better conditions for the south, Darfur and other regions.

Southern Sudan has effectively seceded and America has left nothing to vote on in the referendum except secession. The SPLM has already opened 18 embassies abroad and is currently issuing visas to enter Southern Sudan without consulting the central government in Khartoum. Southern Sudan’s government has also granted exploration rights for oil in the south to several international companies and has started issuing passports; it is also seeking to link Southern Sudan with a separate international dialling code. Now that the census and the general elections that America recognised are over, and now that the Sudanese parliament set up on 28 June 2010 a committee to oversee the referendum in the south, all parties are now hasting towards declaring the secession in early 2011.

Dear Muslims in Sudan

Dear Muslim officers and soldiers in the Sudanese army

How did America’s agent Omar al-Bashir manage to disparage you and sneak the fragmentation of the country past you instead of safeguarding its unity and working towards unifying it with the rest of the Muslims’ lands?

The people of Sudan have throughout history been among the most devout and Shari’ah-abiding Muslims. One of the axioms of our noble Shari’ah is the call to unity, not to division: “And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah stretches out for you, and be not divided among yourselves.”  [3-103] T.M.Q. So will people recall the Shari’ah of Allah and adhere to His command; or will they cling to the justifications and the clowning of the agents and tools of America and the Kafir West, to fragment the Muslims’ lands? However, if the war that stopped some time ago has depleted, then let your demands concentrate on unity with Egypt and undertake whatever possible to draw the attention of the people and the army of Egypt to the necessity to intervene, since your mere call for such a move would break the barriers that the colonial Kafir has placed to prevent the Muslims from uniting and helping each other. This will have a telling impact in embarrassing all the rulers who have betrayed their religion and their Ummah and in ending the farce of Southern Sudan’s secession, which will set, if it occurred Allah forbid, a detrimental example would be set for America’s success in executing the project of the Greater Middle-East, which necessitates weakening the Muslims’ lands further and tightening her grip over them in this century once she has imposed fresh divisions on ethnic, sectarian and geographic bases.

Dear Muslims

Your duty is to rebuff the secession of any part of Islam’s lands irrespective of the pretext, be it the ruse of self-determination, or the hoax of achieving patriotic aspirations or any other. Your duty is to stand up to anyone who brays about patriotism, which in reality is nothing but a consolidation of division and secession, a dissipation of the Islamic fraternity and a substitution of what is magnificent by what is undignified. It is a clear indication of the Kuffar’s success in consolidating the state of division and animosity among the Ummah. Patriotism is one of the biggest evils that has brought due to its concentration among some of the Ummah’s children, humiliation, failure, weakness and loss of dignity and grandeur – from a nation whose state, the Khilafah, was the beacon of guidance and the symbol of might and dignity to all the Muslims.

Dear Noble Ummah

Secession and fragmentation are some of the evil fruits that we have reaped from the presence of the treacherous rulers. Here is the traitor Omar al-Bashir conspiring to fragment the country that he governs; he has failed to take heed from those who had served America, such as the former Pakistani president Zia-ul-Haq who said just two days before his death: “dealing with America is like dealing in coal; one would eventually end up with black face and hands”. Here is also the other traitor al-Qaddafi who has been the biggest liar when talking about unity, whereas in fact he has always been the chief broker of secession and fragmentation. As for the traitor Mubarak, he could have only threatened the intervention of the Egyptian army to protect Sudan from division and to deter the American puppets from proceeding towards secession; but how could this happen if he is the most subservient agent of America, always striving to please her at the expense of the might and dignity of the Ummah?

We invite you dear Muslims to work together towards thwarting the schemes of America and the Kafir West in the Muslims’ lands and to get rid of their depraved tools who are still striving to fragment and humiliate the Ummah.

“And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah stretches out for you, and be not divided among yourselves.” TMQ

22 Rajab 1431h

5 July 2010

Hizb ut-Tahrir