Eid Message

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Dear Noble Brothers and Sisters - Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,

We congratulate you on Eid al-Fitr and we pray to Allah the Almighty to accept from us the Siyam and the Qiyam, and make us from the salvaged of Ramadhan.

This remarkable occasion and divine rite comes as the Ummah continues to suffer under the yoke of the Kuffar and regimes ruling the Muslims with Kufr who are waging a relentless war against their religion and their Aqeedah. The days have been proving each day that these regimes are harsher against the Muslims than the Kuffar themselves as they are the bridge through which the Kuffar get to the Ummah to assail the religion and dignity of the Ummah and plunder her riches.

It has become common knowledge that the conspiracies of these regimes are dictated by the Kufr states and their international institutions, starting from altering education curricula by discarding Islamic values and building them on the concepts and values of Western civilisation, and changing the constitutions and laws to suit the frenzied attack waged by the world’s dark forces against all the peoples and nations of the world.

At a time when these regimes witness the viciousness of the Kuffar against their masses, and their betrayal and abandoning of the states’ chieftains for the sake of their interests, they continue to cheaply offer themselves for the sake of their masters and their interests to the point where they have become spineless, relishing slavery, affiliation and treason, and devoting themselves obediently to serve the Kuffar.

This all-out war being waged against the religion and Aqeedah of the Ummah warrants from the Muslims to awake from their slumber and seek the path of salvation from the wretched reality they are experiencing, the genocide there are facing and the frenzied onslaught on their religion and values which culminated in the emergence of aspects never known to their predecessors, and which even caused the obliteration of nations before them. So, would the Muslims await the sunnah of replacement and accept to be obliterated? Allah the Almighty would then replace them with other people who would be as eager to preserve their religion as they are to preserve their lives. Or would the Muslims awaken from their slumber, reject the state of heedlessness and move consciously to face these calamities that are befalling them from every corner, threatening their religion and their values with extinctions and trampling their dignity?

Severe shocks are enough to awaken nations and make them determined; but we are witnessing the opposite. Despite the blazing emotions of the Muslims towards their religion and their yearning for implementing the Shari’ah of their Lord, they are no longer moved by the attacks against their sanctities, the acrimony towards their Lord and the rejection of the sunnah of their Prophet, and not even the attacks against the values and rules of Islam.

We are aware of the scale of hardships facing the Ummah and the magnitude of the viciousness inflicted on her, and what those who work towards her liberation and revival face in terms of extermination and punishment. We have also witnessed what the Ummah has suffered at the hands of the Kafir West and these regimes in terms of tragedies and calamities. However, this Ummah is different from the other nations of the world. She is the Ummah who has carried the trust of Islam with all its weightiness and sacrificed for the sake of conveying its message. This Ummah is the stronghold of the sole goodness capable of salvaging the world and bring it out of the darkness and into the radiance of Islam. She is the Ummah that Allah the Almighty has pledged to grant victory if she aided His cause and if she moved with her utmost power to reverse the conditions she is enduring.

Hence, hope, all the hope, is pinned on her; not only to salvage herself but the entire world from the hegemony of the ghoulish and savage capitalist system and what it has inflicted upon the nations and peoples of the world in terms of ruin, destruction and distortion of reason and human nature. This is because the Islamic Ummah is the only nation possessing the truth and the path of righteousness.

We pray to Allah the Almighty to complete the joy of this Ummah by removing her worries, trials and tribulations, unifying her ranks, healing her rifts and ending her infighting. We also pray to the Almighty to help those who are working sincerely towards unifying her and raising her banner.

30 Ramadhan 1443h

1 May 2022

hizbuttahrir.org

Latest articles

  • Horizons of Iranian Nuclear Deal between Signing & Postponement 

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    Political Observation - Horizons of Iranian Nuclear Deal between Signing and Postponement

    On Monday 12 September, the regular meeting of the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) kicked off in Vienna to discuss several files, including the Iranian nuclear program, to which Tehran was invited to give explicit answers, especially about the traces of uranium that were found at undeclared sites. IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi said there was currently no progress in the ongoing investigation into Iran's nuclear activities.

    For his part, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said the Iranian response to Europe's proposals to revive the agreement "takes us backwards." He added, “I can’t give you a timeline except to say, again, that Iran seems either unwilling or unable to do what is necessary to reach an agreement and they continue to try to introduce extraneous issues to the negotiation that make an agreement less likely," at a press conference in the Mexican capital.

    It is no secret that the world was waiting for the moment of the end of the nuclear agreement crisis with Iran, and Josep Borrell had expressed his hope to sign the agreement within days but America impeded the agreement and the IAEA announced that Iran had exceeded the permitted ceiling in uranium enrichment; thus, the negotiation efforts headed towards the unknown, which raises the question about the motives of the US administration to block the path towards reaching a formula that revives the agreement with Iran.

    It seems that America’s motives for disrupting the agreement stem from the issue’s relationship to the regional file, which requires Iran to play the role of a scarecrow to the countries and peoples of the region, and to the Israeli public opinion, pending the caravan of normalisation and alliance making considerable progress. It is also related to the issue of Iranian presence and influence in the files of Syria, Lebanon, Yemen, and Iraq.

    The negotiations coincided with the crisis of governance in Iraq, in which Iran insisted on interfering in its process, and on confronting Muqtada al-Sadr’s movement with firmness, stubbornness and escalation; this was reflected in the armed clash that the Popular Mobilisation Forces instigated a few days ago, and in the insistence of Al-Maliki’s group to form the government. It was also reflected in the statement of Ibrahim Raisi following the bloody events in the Green Zone, and his saying that Iraq's stability depends on the parties' commitment to the agreement and the political track, which implies a threat that either we will stay in Iraq or hell will break loose.

    Muqtada al-Sadr and Mustafa al-Kadhimi realised this and were compelled to retreat "tactically" in order to avoid the chaos that Iran has the skill to orchestrate in her favour. Thus, the position of al-Sadr and al-Kadhimi was inevitable in order to sidestep the manoeuvre of Iran who sought to reshuffle the pack through the threat of civil war that Al-Maliki wielded in the leaked recordings a month ago, especially since Iran’s submission to American dictates in Iraq would impact on her position in Syria, Lebanon and Yemen, weaken the positions of her surrogates in those states, and undermine her gains in the region.

    As for the Syrian file, there was an agreement in the Tehran summit between Russia, Iran, and Turkey, where the tone of Iran’s media towards Turkey, especially Hezbollah’s media, has changed, and an Iranian insistence on continuing to support Hezbollah through routes close to the Russian bases in Latakia has emerged, in addition to the American and "Israeli" clashes and strikes against Iranian sites in Syria, Russia's threat to activate the S-300 air defence systems to deter "Israeli" attacks, and Hassan Nasrallah's threats to Israel regarding the maritime dispute over gas areas, all of which angers America, who regards Turkey and Iran's rapprochement with Russia as a threat to her interests. Thus, it was not surprising that America cooled off the file of the agreement after it was about to be finalised. However, a sudden solution to this file could not be ruled out if America were to deem it necessary.

    The final issue is pertinent to the American domestic political realities. Biden will not take a step towards a solution with Iran unless he is confident that the solution will not be used by his opponents in the upcoming elections, and he must also take into account the repercussions of the agreement on the Lapid government which Netanyahu is targeting. Therefore, despite Lapid’s tough stance towards the US-Iran agreement, as he is courting the Zionist rightwing, his coalition partner, Benny Gantz, stated in a speech before the annual Jerusalem Post conference in New York City, that if any agreement were to be signed with Iran, it should ensure that she did not possess a nuclear weapon.

    The Iranian leadership perceives these facts and is keen to conclude the agreement before the US midterm elections and before the “Israeli” elections, as a precaution against Netanyahu’s return and the victory of the Republicans in the US Congress, given that they are the most intransigent vis-à-vis the Iranian file, which they use to woo the rightwing evangelicals and the Zionist lobby in the United States. The Biden administration is also aware of this and is reluctant to agree to the nuclear deal before the midterm elections, lest it should be exploited against the Democrats, but it will not miss the opportunity to conclude the agreement if it manages to impose the conditions that nullify the pretexts of “Israel” and the Republicans at home, such as maintaining sanctions on the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, and keeping the justifications that enable her to exert pressure on Iran regarding her regional interference and ballistic missiles, as well as reserving the right to withdraw from the deal in the future, which Iran still refuses, and which makes it possible to defer the crisis until after the US midterm elections and the “Israeli” elections.

    As for the standpoints of France, Germany, and Britain, who expressed doubts about Iran's intention to revive the agreement, they come in the shape of pressure on Iran to speed up her response to America's dictates because the three countries have an interest in lifting sanctions on Iran and benefiting from her energy sources under America's insistence on weaning Europe off Russian gas.

    24 Safar 1444h                                                                           hizbuttahrir.org
    20 September 2022

     

     

  • Dimensions of Greek Harassment of Turkey 

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    Political Observation - The Dimensions of Greek Harassment of Turkey

    A Turkish defence ministry source announced on 23 August that Turkish F16 jetfighters had been radar locked by a Greek S300 air defence system stationed on the Greek island of Crete, adding that harassing Turkish jetfighters by radar-locking them and directing missiles at them proved that Greece had activated the S300 batteries which was tantamount to an act of aggression according to the rules of engagement stipulated by NATO.

    Against the background of continuous Greek provocation, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened Greece, saying: Greece's occupation of Aegean Sea islands does not bind us." When the time comes, we will do what is necessary. As we say, all of a sudden, we may come suddenly one night". Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar said Greece, “the bad neighbour”, was harassing Turkish forces in the Aegean Sea in various ways and was arming the Aegean islands in contravention of the Lausanne and Paris treaties. Commenting on what happened, he stressed that his country's land, sea and air forces “would not be lenient in responding to any harassment.”

    In order to perceive the dimensions of the Greek provocation and the threats launched by Erdogan, it is imperative to revisit its circumstances, as it is remarkable that it came after America had resumed reviewing the file of selling F-16 jetfighters to Turkey, with the presence of a Turkish delegation in America for this purpose, and after the American offer to sell jetfighters to Turkey in exchange for her forsaking the S-400 defense system, and in conjunction with Greece's amendment of a defence agreement with the United States allowing American forces to reach Greek military bases and expand their military build-up there. This places the incident within the context of exerting pressure on Erdogan regarding his relationship with Russia and reminding him of his membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the consequent commitments and positions towards Russia, especially since it came a month after the tripartite summit in Tehran that brought Erdogan, Raisi and Putin together, and since Erdogan accused America and the alliance of being the first to have supported "terrorism" in Syria, and demanded the United States to get out of east Euphrates. It also came with Erdogan's endeavour to return to a policy of "zero problems" with the countries of the region, reformulate regional alliances and energy projects in the eastern Mediterranean and secure “Israeli” gas to Europe. hizbuttahrir.org

    As for the second dimension, related to Erdogan’s statements in particular, it is to intimidate Greece and emphasise his standpoint on the conflict with her over the islands and borders, which could have ignited a war between the two countries with French incitement of Greece, had it not been for the American intervention to broker a deal through German Chancellor Angela Merkel in July 2020, which Greece later violated. Also included in this dimension is Erdogan’s harnessing of the incident for media consumption in the context of meeting the challenge of the upcoming elections and playing the nationalist chord, as he always does in every election, in addition to the fact that Greece’s harassment serves Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis in his upcoming elections as well, especially as he derives his popularity from hostility towards Turkey; he also tends to exploit the nationalist factor and he spoke of the loss of Izmir and Western Anatolia 100 years ago, describing it as a "massive loss."

    Both men face upcoming elections in the middle of next year as well as economic and financial upheavals and an energy crisis. This is in addition to the fact that the event coincided with American pressures on Turkey regarding the commercial violations committed by the Turkish Industry and Business Association (TÜSİAD), which received a letter of reprimand from the United States, and some of its men were even subjected to investigations by US intelligence on Turkish soil. Macron took advantage of this point to raise the issue of Turkey's distinction from other countries by allowing her to deal with Russia and making her the only channel and mediator with Putin during his meeting with French ambassadors to the world.

    It seems America was compelled to exert pressure on her men in TÜSİAD to nullify France's pretexts for opening channels of communication with Putin, or justifying the rejection of energy-related sanctions on Russia. This is despite the fact that America has turned a blind eye to them throughout the previous period, considering that they are among her men and forces in the deep state, which she harnesses to fluster Erdogan. TÜSİAD, which is headed by Orhan Turan, is the most famous and economically and politically influential association in Turkey; its members number 4,500 companies which pay more than 80% of the state’s tax income, in addition to controlling 50% of the GDP and approximately 85% of Turkey's foreign trade, and it employs about 50% of the workforce in Turkey. It is led by major industrial companies in Turkey including Koç Holding which is one of the 500 largest companies in the world according to Forbes Magazine.  hizbuttahrir.org

    TÜSİAD has a historical record of political influence starting with its campaign against the government of Bulent Ecevit (1979) for its refusal to deploy America’s spy planes on Turkish soil during the Cold War, then its support for the minority government headed by Süleyman Demirel, then its financial and media support for forming the coalition of the Motherland Party and dissolving The Welfare Party (Necmettin Erbakan), especially since it had an active role in establishing the Turkish Independent Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association (MUSIAD) which is a rival to TÜSİAD.

    Accordingly, the Greek provocations to Turkey do not deviate from the American means aimed at exerting pressure on Turkey and warning Erdogan against undermining American interests, especially since the event came amid Turkey's threats to launch a new military operation against the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in northern Syria. America is also exploiting the Greek fear of Turks to contain Greece and scale down her dependence on France in the confrontation with Turkey, especially since Greece has had bad relations with Germany since the outbreak of its financial crisis at the start of the last decade. 

    However, Greece’s aim from harassing Turkish jetfighters involves asserting her sovereignty over the Turkish islands in the Aegean Sea, which were plundered from the Ottoman State after her defeat in World War I, and given to Italy, then to Germany and then to Britain after World War II. Then Greece inherited the islands from Britain on condition that they remained demilitarised in accordance with the treaties concluded with Turkey, and Greece’s target is to change this legal status, namely, abolishing the provision not to arm the islands, establishing Greek sovereignty over them and arming them despite Turkey. There is also a European-American complicity to besiege Turkey as a precaution against Turkey's exit from NATO for any reason.

     

    20 Safar 1444h                                                                       hizbuttahrir.org
    16 September 2022

     

  • Renewed Conflict Between Azerbaijan and Armenia 

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    Renewed Conflict Between Azerbaijan and Armenia

    On Tuesday 13 September Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan announced the killing of at least 49 Armenian soldiers in the bloodiest border confrontation with Azerbaijan since the 2020 war and called, through his talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin, French President Emanuel Macron, and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, for a response to Azerbaijan’s “aggression”. Meanwhile, Russia announced that she had “negotiated a ceasefire, which is expected to be implemented starting Tuesday morning, to put an end to the bloody clashes that erupted last night between Azerbaijan and Armenia.” For its part, the Azerbaijani defence ministry said in its communiqué that the “Azerbaijani army responded in kind to the sources of Armenian fire,” adding that, “despite the ceasefire being declared since 09.00 am, Armenia has violated the agreement by using artillery and heavy weapons on the borders.” The two sides have traded accusations of violating the agreement signed under Russian auspices after the end of the last war which broke out on November 9, 2020. The agreement was engineered by Russia in a manner that perpetuated the justification for the conflict and guaranteed for Russia her intervention to orchestrate the relations between the two sides in a way that preserves her influence in the Caucasus, which has become susceptible to an ethnic and religious flareup, which could threaten the Russian federal entity itself, in addition to threatening the Russian vital and strategic space in the entire region to the advantage of the United States who is hankering after seizing the region’s resources and passageways, encircling Russia, and besieging her with a belt of hotbeds of tension. Russia also hedged herself in the agreement against the risk of Turkey entering the Caucasus as an influential and active player, and Putin was eager to gain a trump card and exert pressure on Iran regarding the demographic situation due to the extension of the Azeri race inside Iran. However, and above all, Putin had been aware of the magnitude of the region in which the southern route for energy and supply chains is located, and which stretches from Baku to Europe through Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Greece.

    In the previous agreement, Russia was keen to maintain tension and disagreements over the interpretation of some of its clauses, the most important of which is the issue of the Zangezur corridor, which links Azerbaijan to the Azerbaijani “province” of Nakhchivan, which is isolated from the Azerbaijani lands within the Republic of Armenia. As it was stated in Article 9 of the ceasefire agreement, “The ban on all economic and transportation links in the region must be abolished.” This is what Azerbaijan has been adhering to and Armenia has not, with the complicity of the Russian side. It was attributed to Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev that Azerbaijan would resort to using force to establish a “corridor” via southern Armenia linking western Azerbaijan with the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, while Armenia continues to impose restrictions on the mobility between the region and Azerbaijan, which serves Russia's strategy in controlling the direct land route between Azerbaijan and Turkey, and opens the road between Central Asia and Europe without passing through Russia or Iran.

    Hence, Russia has been playing on the nationalist, security, and economic contradictions between the countries of the region, namely Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Turkey, despite their Western inclinations, in addition to her desire to control Chinese trade routes close to her borders, and her quest to control the alternative energy routes to Europe via Azerbaijan and Turkey, since Russia has no interest at the moment in opening this corridor, which would enhance communication between Central Asia and Azerbaijan on the one hand, and Europe on the other hand via Turkey. hizbuttahrir.org

    It is no secret that the conditions, context, and circumstances of this last clash differ from the previous Azerbaijani-Armenian war due to the Ukrainian war and the energy crisis for Europe. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev signed an agreement on July 18, 2022, to “double” Azerbaijani gas imports to Europe to compensate for the reduction in Russian gas supplies. Azerbaijani President Aliyev described the agreement as a "roadmap for the future", saying that EU-Azerbaijan energy cooperation has "actually changed the European energy map". The Azeri-European agreement provides for the expansion of the Southern Gas corridor, which crosses Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, and Greece.

    This, without a shadow of a doubt, threatens Russia's interests and her gamble in exerting pressure on Europe through the energy crisis and thus changing her standpoint on the sanctions and the Ukrainian crisis. This suggests that Russia was involved and behind the new Azerbaijani-Armenian clash through her harnessing of Armenia’s interest in rejecting the project of the Azerbaijani corridor through her lands without her conditions, which she considers a violation of her sovereignty. This is why Russia was eager to control the crisis and manage it singlehandedly by dispatching a delegation of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation to Armenia, which is a military alliance of former Soviet states headed by Russia. Russia aims through the crisis to divert attention away from her recent losses in Ukraine, and send a message to Azerbaijan, Turkey and Europe confirming that she has the means to influence European energy security by flaring up the Armenian-Azerbaijani crisis when necessary. hizbuttahrir.org

    Hence, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken expressed concern during a briefing at Purdue University in Indiana, saying that Russia might exert influence over the recent conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in order to stir up the situation and divert attention from her failures in Ukraine. While US State Department spokesman Ned Price said there was no doubt that an escalation of hostilities would not be in Moscow's interest, adding that “it is hard for us to envision from here how another conflict on Russia’s borders would be in anyone’s interests, including the interests of those in Moscow.” It is noteworthy that America took advantage of the situation to turn the crisis into an opportunity and adopted the Armenian narrative regarding renewed clashes in order to attract the Armenian Prime Minister Pashinyan, secure support for him, and extricate him from Russian hegemony.

    In conclusion, Russia did not want from this event more than to divert attention away from her recent failures and to send terrifying messages to Europe, Azerbaijan and Turkey, which explains her urgent intervention to halt the conflict, especially since provoking Turkey in the Azerbaijani-Armenian crisis and threating her interests, and raising the Iranian demographic fears too far may threaten Russia's relationship with the Turks and Iranians at this critical time, especially with France taking advantage of the situation and pushing the issue to the Security Council to prevent Turkey from taking the leading role in the crisis.

    As for the US, European states, and Turkey, it would not be in their interests to aggravate the situation in light of Turkey’s endeavour to corroborate her centrality regarding the energy supply route to Europe, and amid America’s eagerness to secure alternative sources and routes to Russian supplies to the European energy market.

    18 Safar 1444h hizbuttahrir.org
    14 September 2022

     

  • Renewed Fighting in Ethiopia 

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    Political Observation - Renewed Fighting in Ethiopia

    Two months after the Ethiopian government announced its willingness to negotiate with the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) without preconditions and declared the establishment of a “peace committee” to negotiate with the TPLF, clashes renewed on August 24 between the Tigray Defence Forces and some special forces and local militias loyal to the central government in some areas around the town of Kobo, south of the Tigray region, following the failure of secret talks and the hardening of the two parties’ positions, especially the TPLF regarding the negotiations, and amid mutual accusations between the front and the federal government of violating the humanitarian truce in the north of the country which has been in force since March 2022.

    The Tigray People's Liberation Front insists on retaking the western region, which has been under the control of Amhara since the outbreak of the conflict in November 2020, before starting any peace negotiations, to secure the military supply lines from Sudan, which Ethiopian prime minister Abiy Ahmed was keen to prevent. The front also insists on lifting the siege imposed on it by the Ethiopian government and removing the Eritrean forces from northern Ethiopia. All of this would undermine Abiy Ahmed's strategy aimed at excluding the front, or crushing it, and restoring stability and economic recovery, which is China's demand and the reason for her support for the government, especially since her investments in 2019, i.e., less than two years into Abiy Ahmed’s tenure, represented about 60% of the main funding of the projects; this is what the United States set about obstructing in 2020 through igniting the civil war, fragmenting the state, and threatening its disintegration, within the framework of her policy, which is aimed at curbing Chinese economic diplomacy and her interests in Ethiopia and Africa as a whole. Therefore, the so-called “terrorist” movements harnessed by America were not positioned along the “Belt and Road” line in Africa innocently.

    In this context, it would be imperative to note that the conflict in Ethiopia is not isolated from the US-Chinese clash, and America's attempts to contain China, integrate her into the international system, control her interests, and prevent her from being a competitive force in the future. By reading the information regarding the volume of Chinese investments in Ethiopia, which amount to about $14 billion, her loans to Ethiopia, which amount to about $13.729 billion in the period between 2000 and 2019, her acquisition of more than 50% of Ethiopian foreign debt, and her establishment of hundreds of projects, the most prominent of which is the Bole Lemi Industrial Park south of the capital Addis Ababa, in addition to Ethiopia’s strategic importance in her quality as a manufacturing centre, her diplomatic importance reflected in being host to the Conference Centre and Office Complex of the African Union, and in her quality as a role model for economic growth which has risen in the last decade to 10% and turned Ethiopia into one of the fastest growing economies in the world, all this indicates that the United States, who has similar investments in Ethiopia, especially in the field of technology and communications, has placed Chinese interests on a powder keg. It is the TPLF that has put a spoke in the wheels of the drive towards national reconciliation and stability, and that has called on the "international community" to intervene in accordance with Chapter VII of the UN Security Council to deter Abiy Ahmed from destroying its defence capabilities and to twist his arm into lifting the siege on it, while Abiy Ahmed is trying to reach a formula that would enable him to maintain his power over the entire Ethiopian territory and achieve his national and personal ambitions through balancing the achievement of American and Chinese interests, something he is no longer able to sustain in light of the American escalation with China and Russia.

    The political situation in the Ethiopian issue is evident from the standpoints of the major powers which support the government of Abiy Ahmed such as Russia and China, in addition to Turkey, as well as the standpoints of the powers exerting pressure on him, led by the United States which has always been critical of his policies regarding his handling of the conflict in the country. America has also imposed wide restrictions on the economic and security assistance she provides to Ethiopia. It is no secret that China has sided with the Ethiopian government at the UN the Security Council with the support of Russia, in addition to the military support she provided according to some reports.

    China’s Foreign Minister had previously announced China's support for Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and said that "China stands against any attempt to interfere in Ethiopia's domestic affairs, because the Ethiopians have the wisdom to solve their problems and stabilise the situation themselves," and this is contrary to what the TPLF demands, namely the internationalisation of the issue.

    By pursuing the facts, we deduce that America, whose capital has embraced the opposition alliance, is seeking to thwart the “national dialogue” and maintain the conflict situation to impede the growth of Chinese investments in Ethiopia, and thus undermine her investments in Africa. This is done with the complicity of Obasanjo, the African Union envoy to Ethiopia, through his proposal to involve Eritrea in the negotiations which the TPLF rejects and insists on Kenya's sponsorship of the talks, especially since the recent Kenyan elections resulted in the victory of the opponents of Chinese investment in the country.

    The directed aggravation is illustrated by the Ethiopian government's call to mobilise to defend the country's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front's declaration of its readiness to repel the attack of government forces, liberate Tigray lands in the west of the region and return the displaced people to it.

    In a nutshell, the renewed clashes and aggravation of the situation serve to obstruct the negotiations and reconciliation that America pretends to call for, and also indicate that matters are back to square one, which threatens the collapse of the situation, augments the state of instability inside Ethiopia and its repercussions on Chinese interests in Africa as a whole, and provides an opportunity for Japan, who the United States encouraged to compete with China in Africa through the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) that was held two weeks ago in Tunisia where Japan pledged to pump $30 billion for development in Africa over the next three years. Meanwhile, the US engrossed Europe in her colonial past and made it an obstacle to restoring her relations with African countries such as Algeria, whose president notably brandished in the face of Macron during his recent visit and sent him back to France empty-handed. America has also terrified Europe with the threat of migration, “terrorism”, the war on Ukraine and the expanding Russian, Turkish and Chinese presence in Africa, so that she may gain a grip on all their interests and make them submit to her will.

    What should be noted in light of the conflicts erupting in various regions of the world is the ghoulish comportment of capitalism and its secular doctrine which tends to fuel wars and conflicts, establish life on expedient materialism, impose the logic of power and conquest in international relations, degrade the value of human blood, property and honour, cause animosity and estrangement between humans, and widen the gap between the poor and rich, rather than bridging it. And all of this is a sign of its imminent extinction forever with the help of Allah the Almighty, and at the hands of the best of creation, the Ummah of Muhammad ﷺ , who will muzzle the followers of Satan and protect inviolable blood when she returns to her senses and her function of conveying the message, establishes her state and resumes the call to Islam to salvage the servants from the oppression of other servants, and from the narrowness of the world to the vastness of the world and the hereafter.

    17 Safar 1444h                                                                                  hizbuttahrir.org
    13 September 2022  

  • UK Cabinet Reshuffle & its Preludes - Britain’s Size in World Politics 

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    Political Observation - UK Cabinet Reshuffle & its Preludes - Britain’s Size in World Politics

    Britain, by and large, and the ruling Conservative Party in particular, have faced an avalanche of political scandals, ethical issues, and corruption cases, which have affected the government and a number of ruling party members, to the point where criminal investigations into breaches of lockdown rules during the Covid-19 pandemic, involving Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Chancellor Rishi Sunak, and senior civil servants at Downing Street, were initiated by the police who also issued charges for misdemeanours against some of them.

    Observers of the domestic situation in Britain were not surprised by the fate of Boris Johnson and his resignation after 35 ministers of his government had resigned; he was merely a man of a period with the task of finalising Brexit, offering his services to execute America’s strategy towards Russia in the Ukrainian war, and steering the European countries to proceed behind the American agenda of stringent sanctions against Russia.

    Despite being an arriviste and an opportunist in the way he dealt with issues and events, and despite being adept at fishing and investing in foreign issues, as well as riding the waves of domestic policies and steering them in his favour, Boris Johnson, however, blundered when he played the Northern Ireland Protocol chord to win over his supporters in an attempt to buttress his position, because he upset the applecart of the American priorities by diverting attention away from the Ukrainian war and opening a political front that was contradictory to the requirements of the American alliance, such as his clash with the Europeans over the Northern Ireland Protocol, and he subsequently ended up infuriating America; this was reflected in the taciturn American response to his resignation, and in the way Biden snubbed him at the NATO summit in Madrid, which eventually paved the way for his departure.

    It is clear that despite America’s influence inside Britain and her influence on Europe, which was evident in Europe’s submission to America’s dictates regarding the war in Ukraine despite its heavy repercussions on the Europeans, and despite America’s ability to influence European political elections, Johnson’s departure and the arrival of Liz Truss was due to domestic objective reasons rather than  direct American intervention, since the United States did not contribute to it except by refraining from supporting Johnson, especially since Liz Truss, who succeeded him, is also a pragmatic figure whose standpoints and calculations could be easily transmuted due to American influence in British and international politics, and because she adopts a stern position towards Russia and China, which is what is required as far as America is concerned at this stage.

    America’s influence in Britain is manifested in America’s ability to contain the latter through the special relationship, infiltrate the British political milieu, and uproot the tendency for greatness and international influence in isolation from the US from its mentality. America has generated for herself significant economic influence and has been orchestrating the political and intelligence system and labour organisations since the late sixties of the last century. This is evidenced by Margaret Thatcher’s decision to join the Foreign Leaders Development Programme in 1967, which was sponsored by the US State Department, and which was designed to groom future leaders and encourage them to embrace the American political and economic orientations; this led to the US- British economic policy, namely Reaganomics and Thatcherism, being harmonised and propagated worldwide to free the markets in preparation for seizing them and controlling the fates of their masses and governments.

    Although Britain is considered one of the conventional major powers since she is a nuclear power with an advanced military, industrial and operational capabilities, international interests, and remnants of influence in some countries, she has become America’s arm in her wars since Operation “Desert Storm” and the subsequent war on Islam in Iraq and Afghanistan. She has also become a servant of US international policies in the Middle East and Southeast Asia, with her experience, colonial legacy, and relations with the remnants of her agents whom the United States inherited. However, the pace in which the majority of former party leaders, including prime ministers and ministers distanced themselves from Johnson, coupled with his repeated violations and his Anglo-Saxon populist handling of pressing issues such as the Irish file, the failure of his efforts to re-launch his policies within six months, and the popular grumbling about his violations, including Russia’s leak that Johnson awarded the title of Lord to former KGB spy Alexander Lebedev, with whom he had repeated meetings and even confessing once that he was too drunk to remember meeting him after the G7 summit in 2018, all this had a significant impact on the government's credibility, and contributed to the undermining of the British Union, the return of Scotland's demand for independence, and Wales raising the quandary of the political decision being issued by London and not taking into account her demands.

    As for the choice of Liz Truss, it was not supported by the party's parliamentarians, as she came in second place after Rishi Sunak. However, selecting the party leader is among the prerogatives of the party's 160,000 members, according to the reported estimates. Truss received nearly 58% of nearly 141,000 votes, which means the Conservative Party is divided. This has become clear since the first confrontation between the two candidates, which could have turned into a fierce conflict and a deep rift between party members had both candidates not moderated their onslaught on each other.

    It became also clear in the disagreement in the political and economic views between Truss and Johnson, although they both graduated from Oxford University, whose graduates dominate the position of British Prime Minister. Truss has a liberal economic orientation and believes in the need to increase the lifting of procedural restrictions (Deregulation) on the economy to support growth, and in the strength of market mechanisms and the need to reduce the tax burden on companies and individuals to incentivise production and investment. This is in contrast to Johnson’s orientation towards the policy of “levelling up” for the North by reinvesting in it and imposing special taxes to finance the expenses of the health sector and social security for the disabled, which did not enjoy the acceptance of political forces and public opinion, as social security policies and aid consume more than £207 billion annually; that is, approximately 60% of the total state expenditures.

     The first congratulatory call Liz Truss received was from the White House whose official website explained in a report the readout of the call, in which it stated that “President Biden and Prime Minister Truss discussed the importance of continued close cooperation on global challenges”, which could be construed as a list of American priorities, which include “supporting Ukraine as it defends itself against Russian aggression, addressing the challenges posed by China, preventing Iran from ever acquiring a nuclear weapon, and securing sustainable and affordable energy resources.” Perhaps the most important thing the website mentioned is that “they also discussed their shared commitment to protecting the gains of the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement and the importance of reaching a negotiated agreement with the European Union on the Northern Ireland Protocol.” The significance of this issue emanates from Liz Truss’s intransigeance during her days as Foreign Sectary, which prompted the White House to send an unequivocal diplomatic message through a senior State Department adviser who said that the Northern Ireland issue should not lead to any division within NATO so as not to give Putin the pretext to undermine the alliance America spent months in building, and that  no negative statements should be issued and no unilateral decisions should be taken.

    One of the indicators suggesting the United States’ satisfaction with Liz Truss assuming the premiership is the soundbite she directed at Macron and his reaction to it, which indicates that she is following the American agenda in Europe, and which is important for America in light of the international current state of affairs. Liz Truss said she was not sure whether Macron was a friend or a foe of the UK. He responded by saying that Truss was “playing to the audience”, i.e., playing the Anglo-Saxon chord, which is why she received American approval.

    It is certain that Truss will move forward in a foreign policy that supports American projects, especially in the Ukrainian war, but she is likely to fail to address the domestic situation, which may force the Conservative Party to hedge public opinion by moving away from the facade of power in the upcoming elections or to deplete Liz Truss and replace her just as they did with Johnson.

    12 Safar 1444h                                                          hizbuttahrir.org

    8 September 2022

     

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